It is precisely to curb a disability self-contamination that farmers can not reuse on two seeds in the same field. Garlic, shallot and onion are taking it in the thirteenth position in the world ranking of crops. Also highly appreciated for their many virtues, garlic, shallot and onion are products whose sales regularly.
These are all reasons why plants seed free from viruses, are particularly interesting.
It is the INRA or from other research that the new varieties have been developed.
The selection of these bulbs was behind the development of varieties with high yield potential. Very simply, there are three types of planting season, autumn, winter or spring (autumn to spring garlic and shallot and onion in the vast majority of cases).

SEED BELOW
ALSO EXIST IN BIO


PLANTING AUTUMN

These varieties can germinate from late November, these types of species suitable for areas where winter is not too harsh, which is why they are grown are plenty in the south of France especially for garlic and onion early.

PLANTING AUTUMN

These varieties with higher dormancy, that is to say capable of germinating only from the end of January, will not reach their full maturity until late July.

CHOICE OF PLOTS

Although these species are little demanding on the soil type, it is best to choose clay and limestone, little stony and well irrigated. Land too light or too heavy be avoided. Poor drainage of rainwater can cause excessive soil moisture, and therefore a risk of rot.

PREPARING THE SOIL AND FERTILIZER

The land preparation is not complicated, it is enough that the soil is loosened deeply and not compacted, thus facilitating the development of roots.

SELECTION OF SEEDS, THE DATE AND SOWING

Varieties of autumn are characterized by low dormancy for planting ranging from October to November, by cons alternative varieties are designed for planting from December to February, see me me in March for spring varieties, the latter being characterized by a high dormancy offer greater conservation.



GARLIC FOR AUTUMN PLANTING

PRIMOR / SPRINT
  • Hardneck variety, the earliest yielder with a very low dormancy level.
  • Planting in early fall.
  • Violet striped outer skin, 8 to 10 slightly pink cloves.
GERMIDOUR
germidour
  • Very early due to a low dormancy.
  • White skins with violet stripes, 8 to 12 pale violet cloves.
PARADOUR
paradour
  • Very early. Violet striped outer skins, less coloured than Germidour.
  • Pale violet cloves, slightly bigger than Germidour.



WHITE AUTUMN GARLIC

MESSIDOR
messidor
  • Early white variety with 8 to 12 ivory white cloves.
  • Messidor has superior yields (10 to 15 %).
MESSIDROME
messidrome
  • Early white variety with 8 to 12 ivory white cloves.
  • Messidrome is the main standard variety.
SABAGOLD
sabagold
  • OYDV-free.
  • White bulbs with 14 to 16 cloves, very large leaves and thick outer skins.
  • Planting between September and December. Good rootsystem development.
  • Harvest for the fresh market early May, for dry garlic in June and July.
  • Good storage variety.
THERMIDROME / THERADOR
  • Early white variety with 8 to 12 ivory white cloves.
  • Thermidrome is a basic standard variety. Therador has superior yields (10 to 15 %).

GARLIC FROM SPRING PLANTING

CLEDOR
cledor
  • White outer skin and pale pink cloves.
  • Late yielder due to its high dormancy.
FLAVOR
  • Ivory white skins and 12 to 15 light pink cloves.
  • Late yielder due to a long dormancy.
GAYANT
  • Origin France (Rose du Nord).
  • White skin, pink cloves, softneck.
  • For spring planting, in certain areas possibility to plant in winter.
  • Very late harvest (end of July).
  • Long storage capacity, high dormancy.
EDENROSE
  • Origin South America (Rose de Lautrec type).
  • Regenerated strain, OYDV-free.
  • White skin, deep rose cloves.
  • Hardneck variety.
  • Planting in autumn or winter.
  • Early harvest (end of June).
  • Medium dormancy.

GARLIC CLOVE

NEW: AIL READY TO PLANT
  • Bulbs into cloves (calibrated, processed, ready)
  • calibrated
  • treated
  • Ready to use

WHITE ONIONSETS

SNOWBALL
snowball
  • Round, very flat bulbs for the fresh market.
  • Planting between mid-October and mid-March for harvest from the end of June until the end of July.
  • Very attractive due to its flavour and its earliness.

RED ONIONSETS

KAMAL
oignon rouge Kamal
  • Mid-early (earlier than Red Baron / Karmen).
  • Round shape, high yielder, suitable for all soil types.
  • Dark red colour, firm skin and a fine collar.
  • Well developed root system.
  • Short storage period.
  • Planting from February to April for harvest in July and August.
RED KARMEN / RED BARON
oignon rouge red baron
  • Round shape, dark brown with white inner colour and red shades.
  • For planting between mid-October and mid-April for harvest in July. Short storage.
  • Interesting due to its earliness and the sweet flavour.
  • Planting between mid-October and Mid-April on heavy soils.
HYRED or RED RAY
oignon Hyred
  • Round shape, dark brown with white inner colour and red shades.
  • For planting between mid-October and mid-April for harvest in July.
  • Very interesting because slow-bolting.
  • Sets become only available early March.
  • Good storage ability.

YELLOW ONIONSETS

STUTTGARTER RIESEN
  • Large semi-flat yellow bulbs, white and firm inside.
  • Planting between the end of October and the end of April for harvest from the end of June until early August.
  • A high yielding and a good storage variety.
SHAKESPEARE
Oignon Jaune Shakespeare
  • Winter variety, frost resistant.
  • Very early.
  • Round with a fine collar, maroon colour.
  • Short storage period.
  • Planting in September and October for harvest in June.
STURON
  • A large round and yellow bulb, easy to peel.
  • Planting between the end of October and the end of April for harvest from the end of June until
  • early August.
  • A high yielder with good keeping quality.
JAUNE PAILLE DES VERTUS
Onion jaune paille des vertus
  • Large semi-flat and brownish yellow onion with firm and tasty inner quality.
  • Planting between October and April for harvest from the end of June until early August.
  • A good yielding and storage variety.
ROSANNA
Onion rosana
  • Round shaped onion
  • Pinkish/coppery skin, white interior colour with pink/violet shades.
  • Medium to large size, good yielder.
  • Taste between the flavour of white and red onions.
  • Planting from the end of October until the end of April.
  • The harvesting period starts in July.
PINK KERAVEL
Onion pink keravel
  • Roscoff type.
  • Outer skin coppery pink. White inner colour, pink and violet veined.
  • Medium sized (40/80 mm). Very good storage ability.
  • Planting season March and April, harvest in July and August.
  • Juicy and sweet taste.
FORUM
Onion yellow forum
  • The earliest variety for spring planting, to be harvested the first half of June.
  • Excellent quality, slow bolting, rapid drying (due to a narrow neck).
TAKASTAR
takmark
  • A very attractive, coppery-yellow variety renowned for its uniform grade (50/70).
  • Round and firm bulbs.
  • A high and early yielder which can be stored until March.

SHALLOTS FOR AUTUMN PLANTING CERTIFIED

GRISELLE
shallot griselle
  • The authentic grey shallot with a unique and unequalled flavour.
  • Thick skins and 8 to 25 brown bulbs.
  • Planting in October - November for harvest in July.
  • High yielder.
GRISOR
shallot grisor
  • Intermediate variety between Griselle and the Jersey type.
  • Outer skin grey to coppery, inner colour white with pink shades.
  • For autumn or spring planting, an early cropper with good yields.
  • Interesting storage ability (7 to 8 months).

SHALLOT FOR WINTER OR SPRING PLANTING

MELOINE
Echalote meloine
  • Round shape, with a nice flavour.
  • Upright leaf habit, resistant to mildew
  • Very good keeper
  • High multiplication rate
  • Planting from the end of January until April for harvest between mid-July and mid-August
PESANDOR
shallot pesandor
  • Half-long shape, coppery outer skins, pinkish white bulbs.
  • Can be planted in spring in areas where fall planting is not possible.
  • Mid-early variety with good storage quality.
JERMOR (échalote longue, plus courte que Longor)
shallot jermor
  • A half-long variety with coppery-red skins and pale pink inner colour.
  • Good keeping quality.
VIGARMOR
shallot vigarmor
  • Half-long shaped variety, light coppery skins end slightly pink bulbs.
  • Planting in cool climate zones January - March, in milder areas December - March.
  • Harvest from mid-July until the end of August.
  • High yielder with a long storage ability.
LONGOR
shallot Longor
  • A long variety with coppery-red skins. The inner colour is pink to pale violet.
  • Medium dry matter content.
  • Good keeping quality.
MELKIOR
shallot Melkior
  • Origin Jersey.
  • Inbred line, OYDV-virusfree.
  • Dark coppery and shiny skin, strong violet interior colour.
  • For spring planting and late harvest.
  • Good yielder with good keeping quality.
  • Resistant to botrytis squamosa and to mildew.
MIKOR
shallot Mikor
  • Half-long with coppery-pink skins and pale pink inner colour.
  • Slighty later than Jermor and Longor.
  • Good keeping quality.
HERMINE
shallot Mikor
  • Round, white bulbs.
  • For spring planting, in some areas for autumn planting also.
  • Late harvest, for the fresh market in June and dried at the end of July.

SHALLOTS NON CERTIFIED

BIZTRO
Echalote Biztro
  • Uniform, round shape with firm skins.
  • Early, an improvement of Red Sun.
  • Colour red/brown.
  • Suitable for all soil types.
  • Long storage capacity.
  • Planting from February to April for harvest in July and August.
RED SUN
shallot
  • Round shaped, light pink with perfect flavour.
  • Planting from early January until the end of April for harvest early July until early August.
  • Suitable for all sunny areas.
GOLDEN GOURMET
shallot
  • A yellow variety with much flavour. High yields for long storage.
  • Planting from February to April, harvest in July - August after the leaves turn yellow.
  • Suitable for all sunny areas.
POLKA
shallot polka
  • Medium long to long bulbs, hardy.
  • Good propagation rate and excellent storage ability
  • Planting from mid-April until mid-May, to be harvested at the end of July.
  • Very pronounced and persistant flavor.
ARDENTE
shallot ardente
  • Pinkish colour.
  • Planting early April. A high yielder and an excellent keeper.

LEEK PERENNIAL

Allium ampeloprasum
Echalot
 
Echalot
  • Ancient Leek, called perennial because growing again year after year.
  • Planting from September until November for harvest of the leaves during springtime.
  • Small bulblets grow at the base of the plant.
Photos source, copyright : prosemail et Bejo Zaden B.V.
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